Woman miner crushing stones
Nicholaus Jackson

Helping women benefit in Tanzania’s male dominated mining industry

The Collective Action for Rights Realization in Extractive Industry (CLARITY) project supports women to access equitable opportunities in the poorest parts of the country.

When Asia Hussein was young, she would “exchange minerals for sweets”.

“We didn’t realise the value,” says the now 56-year-old. Today in Geita, in northwest Tanzania where she chairs Geita Women Miners Association (GEWOMA), one of the country’s only women’s miners groups, women stand to gain so much from the sector. But mining is taboo and out of reach for many.

“The biggest challenge women miners’ face is sexual abuse and discrimination,” says Asia.

GEWOMA Chairperson Asia Hussein at meeting in Geita region
Nicholaus Jackson
Asia Hussein (standing) chairperson of Geita Woman Miners Association (GEWOMA) addresses a meeting. Mgusu, Geita region.

The CLARITY project aims to support women to access equitable opportunities in the sector in Geita and Mara, two of the country’s most impoverished regions. A goal is also to address the challenges that exclude youth and people with disabilities from equally benefiting from the industry. The EU-funded initiative works with the government and mining companies to hold them to account and to protect these groups from mining’s impact.

CLARITY particularly supports people to achieve access to justice for human and environmental rights violations in the extractive sector by supporting them to so that they know about their rights. VSO also works with informal artisanal women miners to improve their working conditions. As a result of the project, child labour, a huge problem in the area, is now said to be banned in some mines, according to a conversation that emerged during a discussion by GEWOMA.

The CLARITY team with a group from HR services company Randstad, who are involved in the project’s business component, visiting GEWOMA as part of a monitoring and evaluation exercise.
Nicholaus Jackson
The CLARITY team with a group from HR services company Randstad, who are involved in the project’s business component, visiting GEWOMA as part of a monitoring and evaluation exercise.

Pushing for green jobs and climate justice

With an emphasis on social accountability of big mines and the safety of women miners, CLARITY aims to help those moving out of the sector, promoting both green jobs and climate justice. The project works with volunteers to start a dialogue about other job opportunities for them. Working with environmental lawyers, CLARITY trains paralegals to support communities to access justice and raise awareness of environmental damage caused by mining. 

CLARITY and Randstad team visit GEWOMA, Geita.
Nicholaus Jackson
The CLARITY and Randstad team visiting GEWOMA for a monthly evaluation and reflection meeting at Mgusu, Geita region. 


There is a perception that women seeking opportunities in the mining sector are prostitutes.

Asia Hussein
Chair. Geita Women Miners Association (GEWOMA)

Through ongoing group and one-on-one training on mining and environmental law, social inclusion and gender from VSO, women miners have been able to report and follow up cases of violence with the gender desk of the local police. Other organisations such as the Lawyers’ Environmental Action Team (LEAT) and the Tanzanian Women Chamber of Commerce (TWCC) provide social and legal support.

Asia Hussein processing minerals at a mining centre
Nicholaus Jackson
Asia processing minerals at a mining centre.

”Women are taken advantage of in the sector,” says Asia. “Men often prevent women access to some of the remaining minerals. But awareness around gender-based violence is increasing as we are receiving knowledge from various NGOs, one of them VSO."

“Women are more aware of their rights and now know where to report violence or discrimination. CLARITY have supported us through training, which has contributed to the growth of our knowledge and awareness in running GEWOMA. I appreciate the support as now we have structured ways of working.”

Asia Hussein
Chair. Geita Women Miners Association (GEWOMA)
A GEWOMA member at their mineral processing centre at Mgusu.
Nicholaus Jackson
GEWOMA members carrying out activities at a mining centre in Geita region.
Nicholaus Jackson
GEWOMA members at their mineral processing centre at Mgusu.

The CLARITY project is designed and implemented by VSO, the Lawyers’ Environmental Action Team and the Tanzanian Women Chamber of Commerce in Geita (Geita Municipal and District Council) and Mara (Butiama, Bunda and Tarime Districts) regions.

Find out more about CLARITY

CLARITY in the media

Al Jazeera

Deutsche Welle

Hand holding nuggets of precious metal.








Watch a short film from German broadcaster, Deutsche Welle, on how women are working for their share of Tanzania's mining gold. 

Read more

Close up of christmas decoration
Gary Spears

Christmas around the world

With Christmas on our doorsteps, millions of people around the world are gearing up to celebrate the festive season. Here we discover how no two countries do Christmas the same with a mini round-up of some of the coolest and quirkiest traditions in places where VSO works.

Living with a disability in Rwanda
©Alexia Webb

Sewing the seams of inclusion and other stories of hope

As we celebrate the UN’s International Day of Persons With Disabilities on December 3, we look back at three of the numerous inspiring stories of hope that demonstrate how VSO’s resilient livelihoods programming is turning the lives of persons with disabilities for the better with a focus on young women and men.

Farmers working in Kenya

In photos: The power of volunteering in 2022

As the year draws to a close, we want to highlight all the amazing work and achievements of VSO volunteers this year.